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Monthly Archives: November 2018

Impact of sea level rise on atmospheric CO2 concentration over glacial-deglacial periods

One of the great under-answered questions in the geosciences relates to the cause of the big drop in the concentration of CO2 in the preindustrial atmosphere during ice ages. Over the past 800 thousand years the Earth climate has cycled between ice ages (glacial periods) and interglacial periods. Over these cycles there is a very […]

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Holey hypervolumes! The multivariate geometry of adaptive radiation

Holey hypervolumes! The multivariate geometry of adaptive radiation. We seek a maths, physics or engineering graduate with an interest in biology, or a biologist with good mathematical skills, for an exciting, international, interdisciplinary, collaborative PhD to investigate multidimensional variation in the shape (phenotype) of fish, and the ecological characteristics of the environments they inhabit. The […]

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Geochemical controls on the dermal absorption of organic soil contaminants

This CASE PhD studentship is a unique opportunity to make significant advances in the field of organic geochemistry and risk-based land management of post-industrial brownfield land. You will develop in vitro laboratory methods to measure the dermal absorption of organic soil contaminants associated with former industrial sites. You will investigate some of the key controls […]

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Extending global forest carbon models based on LIDAR from tropics to other bioregions

LiDAR is a technology based on a laser mounted on a plane or satellite, which can yield detailed scans of forest ecosystems. This valuable information allows detailed analyses of the ecology and dynamics of tree populations, and it is commonly used for estimating forest carbon stocks. LiDAR has thus become very relevant in the context […]

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Exploring the unexplored: soil viral diversity, dynamics and function

Viruses are the most abundant biological entities on the planet and represent the greatest reservoir of genetic diversity on Earth. Their numbers greatly exceed those of bacteria and fungi in almost all environments and their role in regulating host population size is well established in mammalian systems. However, in comparison to other organism groups, our […]

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Complementary strategies for the sustainable management of an invasive pest in Africa

In January 2016, the first reports of a new invasive pest was received in Africa. In less than two years, the new pest – the Fall armworm, Spodoptera frugiperda – had spread to most countries (>30) within-subSaharan Africa (https://youtu.be/4iN7-DmOjwc). There are now global efforts to control this new threat to the region’s food security; initially […]

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Climate change impacts on cold-adapted butterflies: discovering the mechanisms and testing potential mitigation approaches

Cold-adapted species, including those restricted to mountains, are highly vulnerable to climate change. For UK butterflies, cold-adapted species are similarly threated by climate changemediated decline, with some species demonstrating range retractions concurrent with recent warming. Consequently, upland species are becoming a priority for many conservation organisations both in the UK and globally. However, developing adaptation […]

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Climate change effects on coastal flooding: are models fit-for-purpose and how do we mitigate the risk?

Coastal flooding has been ranked the second highest risk for civil emergency in the UK, costing £0.25bn annually in economic loss. Worse, global warming will cause sea levels to rise up to 1m this century and lead to wetter winters and drier summers, with a strong likelihood of more intense flash floods, which would drastically […]

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