Blog

Measuring Meltwater Fluxes into the Arctic Ocean

Ocean

This project offers the exciting opportunity to assess pan-Arctic meltwater fluxes from the Greenland Ice Sheet and Arctic ice caps, using novel satellite datasets and advanced processing techniques. The Arctic is one of the most rapidly changing environments on the planet. Surface melting across pan-Arctic glaciers contributes freshwater fluxes into the Arctic Ocean that have […]

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Redrawing the lines of battle in coral reef fish communities

Fish swimming over coral

Coexistence of competing species in ecological communities is made possible by co-evolved “rules of engagement”. During competition, these rules enable contest resolution through avoidance or signals, without the need to escalate to direct attacks, which prevents unnecessary energy loss for both individuals. However, rapid environmental change can disrupt established competitor hierarchies as the effect of […]

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Hot to cold: the exceptional mobility and hazard of volcanic block and ash flows

Jones,T

Ten percent of the world’s population (i.e. 100s of millions) live within 100 km of an active volcano. During all explosive volcanic eruptions pyroclastic density currents (PDCs) can form – high temperature mixtures of rock and gas that rapidly flow away from the volcanic vent. These phenomena are the most lethal of all volcanic hazards […]

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Developing next-generation radar for accurate measurement of volcanic eruption plumes

Volcanic plume

This is an opportunity to improve volcanic ash dispersal forecasts through enhancing real-time radar remote sensing. Volcanic ash plumes present a global hazard and have led to well-documented multi-billion-dollar disruptions to international air transport. To improve our forecasts of plume dispersal, radar remote sensing could provide real-time measurements for assimilation into plume dispersal models. However, […]

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The impacts of floating solar panels on lake ecosystems and water quality

People tending solar panels which are floating on water

Why this project is important: There is an urgent need to decarbonise energy generation and transition to zero carbon to mitigate climate change impacts. As part of the drive to decarbonisation, floating solar panels (photovoltaics, FPVs) show great potential as a sustainable energy source at a global scale. However, we know very little about the […]

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From wings to fins: ecological connectivity between seabirds, mangroves and coral reefs

Mangrove underwater and above water

Do seabirds enhance the connectivity of reef fishes and elasmobranchs between mangroves and coral reefs? Seabirds forage for fish in the open ocean, returning to islands to roost and breed. In doing so, they transfer nutrients to islands through their droppings (guano), which is known to boost plant and animal productivity in island ecosystems. Seabird […]

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Exploring the ecology, functionality and biogeography of Amazonian soundscapes

Person with ladder in rainforest

The world’s rainforests are incredible reservoirs of biodiversity, holding over 60% of the world’s animal species and 67% of all tree species. While this remarkable diversity makes them a biologist’s paradise, it also makes them very difficult to study, and there are many fundamental knowledge gaps about how these ecosystems function across time and space. […]

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A multi-scale approach to restoring farmland biodiversity

Wildflower meadow by sea cliffs

The diversity of plants and animals found on modern farms has been severely depleted owing to the simplification of landscapes and intensification of crop production. This has had negative consequences for the ecosystem services of pollination and pest control as well as compromising the cultural value of the countryside.  There is now a broad consensus […]

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