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Lancaster University

Confronting the Changing Diversity Patterns of Coral Reefs

Confronting the Changing Diversity Patterns of Coral Reefs

Coral reef ecosystems are in a state of change. Increasingly frequent and severe disturbances, and escalation of human interactions, are transforming many tropical coral reefs. At the same time, species are extending their ranges toward higher latitudes at remarkable pace, with tropical species encroaching temperate rocky reef environments. Despite these changes to the organisation of […]

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Seeing into the subsurface – next generation geophysical imaging for environmental and engineering hazard monitoring

Seeing into the subsurface – next generation geophysical imaging for environmental and engineering hazard monitoring

Are you looking to transfer your experience of computational methods to tackling some important Earth science problems?   We are interested in imaging the shallow subsurface (the top 100m of the Earth’s crust – the bit we rely on for water and many other resources and the bit that can change rapidly, e.g. a landslide, and […]

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A New Framework for Measuring Uncertainty in Satellite Observations of Climate Change.

A New Framework for Measuring Uncertainty in Satellite Observations of Climate Change.

This project offers the exciting opportunity to develop fundamental new insight into the certainty of satellite estimates of climate change, with a focus on Earth’s polar ice sheets. The melting of ice from Greenland and Antarctica contributes more than one third of global sea level rise. Satellites provide a unique tool for systematically monitoring the […]

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Country, calypso or carimbó? The role of cultural value shifts in advancing Amazonian deforestation frontiers

Country, calypso or carimbó? The role of cultural value shifts in advancing Amazonian deforestation frontiers

This inter-disciplinary project addresses the intractable problem of how to reduce tropical deforestation. Current strategies such as REDD+ are failing and rooted in assumptions of rational economic decision-making. However, emerging research highlights the socio-cultural roots of environmental problems and solution pathways (e.g. Chan et al. 2020, People & Nature). Understanding people’s environmental values is increasingly […]

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Stalagmite capture of groundwater nitrogen

Stalagmite capture of groundwater nitrogen

The world’s population relies on using nitrogen to boost crop yields and ensure sufficient food production. However, application of nitrogen fertilizer in excess of that taken up by plants and animals causes contamination of soils, surface waters and groundwater reserves. This has major implications for environmental and human health, causing eutrophication of surface water bodies […]

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Understanding how habitat quality, insect abundance and aquatic subsidies impact population change in a rapidly declining bird

Understanding how habitat quality, insect abundance and aquatic subsidies impact population change in a rapidly declining bird

Global declines in migrant bird populations are a major threat to the world’s ecosystems. Migrants provide vital ecosystem services at large spatial scales, and avian population trends are key indicators of environmental change. Understanding and reversing the declines in migrant populations is therefore a conservation priority, but the underlying causes are unclear. While a growing […]

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Net zero, land use and climate change: what are the ecosystem consequences?

Integrated impacts of transformative land-use change and climate change on grassland biodiversity, ecosystem services and land carbon uptake

Why this project is important: Ensuring grasslands, which cover 40% of the UK, provide a suite of ecosystem goods and services and store natural capital is critical for societal needs. However, new understanding of grassland ecosystem response to climate and land use change and predictive capabilities are required to promote strategic land-use decisions that support […]

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