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Bangor University

Understanding parallel origins of industrial metal tolerance in Silene uniflora

Climate change, urbanisation and exploitation of natural resources increasingly alter the environment, posing significant challenges for plants and animals. We have a poor understanding of how organisms will adapt to such rapid and widespread disruption, particularly in terms of their evolutionary responses. For species to adapt to such fast paced change, they will either need […]

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The effect of electromagnetic noise on the orientation of migratory birds

Animals face many challenges as increased urbanization impacts their ability to survive and reproduce. Nowhere is this more evident than in migratory birds. Throughout Europe evidence indicates that populations of migratory birds are declining. Many anthropogenic influences are implicated, such as land use and climate change. However, recently, a new and surprising potential hazard to […]

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Living in the dark: Impact of winter warming on ecosystem stability in the terrestrial high Arctic

The high Arctic is warming at an alarming rate, disrupting soil carbon, nutrient and hydrological cycles. This is resulting in increased soil microbial activity with subsequent increases in nutrient availability and hence plant productivity and nutrient losses to the wider environment. Losses of the greenhouse gases, nitrous oxide, methane and carbon dioxide result in a […]

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Impact of sea level rise on atmospheric CO2 concentration over glacial-deglacial periods

One of the great under-answered questions in the geosciences relates to the cause of the big drop in the concentration of CO2 in the preindustrial atmosphere during ice ages. Over the past 800 thousand years the Earth climate has cycled between ice ages (glacial periods) and interglacial periods. Over these cycles there is a very […]

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Extending global forest carbon models based on LIDAR from tropics to other bioregions

LiDAR is a technology based on a laser mounted on a plane or satellite, which can yield detailed scans of forest ecosystems. This valuable information allows detailed analyses of the ecology and dynamics of tree populations, and it is commonly used for estimating forest carbon stocks. LiDAR has thus become very relevant in the context […]

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Exploring the unexplored: soil viral diversity, dynamics and function

Viruses are the most abundant biological entities on the planet and represent the greatest reservoir of genetic diversity on Earth. Their numbers greatly exceed those of bacteria and fungi in almost all environments and their role in regulating host population size is well established in mammalian systems. However, in comparison to other organism groups, our […]

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Climate change effects on coastal flooding: are models fit-for-purpose and how do we mitigate the risk?

Coastal flooding has been ranked the second highest risk for civil emergency in the UK, costing £0.25bn annually in economic loss. Worse, global warming will cause sea levels to rise up to 1m this century and lead to wetter winters and drier summers, with a strong likelihood of more intense flash floods, which would drastically […]

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Long distance drone tracking of key pollinators in agricultural and natural landscapes

Long distance drone tracking of key pollinators in agricultural and natural landscapes

Many plant species, including numerous agricultural ones, depend on pollinator services; yet agricultural intensification and urbanisation have caused habitat loss and fragmentation, leading to substantial declines of some pollinators. Any forecasts, risk assessments and remedies thus hinge crucially on understanding how pollinators use space; however, most studies of pollinator spatial movements have taken place over […]

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Species4Services – Which Species and Traits Best Indicate Ecosystem Services?

Species4Services – Which Species and Traits Best Indicate Ecosystem Services?

*******Application deadline – Friday 29th June 2018******* Background: Ecosystem services (ES; the goods humans get from nature) such as crop production, carbon capture and livestock grazing are produced by complex interactions among biological species, human activities and the abiotic environment. Primary data characterising ES are rare and the biological component is poorly understood. Thus, ES […]

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