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2016

Pollen forecast 2020: using DNA metabarcoding to assess aerial pollen mixtures and identify linkages to hay fever

Pollen forecast 2020 using DNA metabarcoding to assess aerial pollen mixtures and identify linkages to hay fever 400 x 400 px

Approximately 20% of people display allergic reactions to combinations of tree and grass pollen causing symptoms ranging from discomfort (e.g. hay fever) to respiratory complications (e.g. asthma), with associated socio-economic costs to society and health services. Identifying pollen from different species of tree can be achieved using labour-intensive microscopy. Nevertheless, since most grass pollens look […]

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Novel imaging approaches to track rhizosphere carbon flow

Novel imaging approaches to track rhizosphere carbon flow 400 x 400 px

Rhizosphere microbes are key players in the carbon transformations underlying the generation and sustenance of soil organic matter. Recent evidence suggests that the production of stable soil organic matter compounds may be related to microbial recycling of cellular products. Additionally new research reveals that changes in the abundances of specific microbial taxa following fresh nutrient […]

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New computational inversion methods for geoelectrical imaging of groundwater changes in unstable slopes

New computational inversion methods for geoelectrical imaging of groundwater changes in unstable slopes 400 x 400 px

This project aims to develop new geophysical data processing techniques for imaging groundwater changes within unstable slopes (e.g. natural landslides and vulnerable earthworks). Conventional monitoring methods involve examining the surface (either by people on the ground or from aerial photos) and using point sensors, like moisture content and tilt meters, which only give information in […]

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Modelling systems of natural and engineered beaches

Modelling systems of natural and engineered beaches 400 x 400 px

Coastal erosion and flooding are global environmental and economic threats. The safety of coastal communities is of paramount importance in the U.K., given the relevance of these areas for the economy and heritage. However, existing coastal defence structures are aging, exposing the communities to increased hazard. Many of these structures exist in combination with natural […]

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Modelling microscale resource use in soil

Modelling microscale resource use in soil 400 x 400 px

Soil hosts a quarter of the planet’s biodiversity and represents one of the most complex ecosystems on Earth. Understanding how soils function and respond to natural and anthropogenic perturbation is therefore one of the greatest challenges in ecosystem science, particularly as soil functioning underpins a wide range of key ecosystem services (e.g. food provisioning, climate […]

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Investigating tectonic-climate interactions using sedimentary records in the Tarim Basin, China

Investigating tectonic-climate interactions using sedimentary records in the Tarim Basin, China 400 x 400 px

Researching crustal deformation processes and the degree of their proposed coupling with climate is the focus of this research, using the type example of India-Asia collision and Himalayan-Tibet evolution. The timing and mechanism of Tibetan plateau uplift and associated regional climate change is much debated and poorly constrained. This project will use the Cenozoic sedimentary […]

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Impact of geochemical alteration on rock mechanical characteristics in geologic seals capping CO2 storage reservoirs

Impact of geochemical alteration on rock mechanical characteristics in geologic seals capping CO2 storage reservoirs 400 x 400 px

In the transition stage towards a dominant use of renewable clean energy, the emission of greenhouse gases is currently mitigated by capture and storage of carbon dioxide (CO2), one of the main greenhouse gases causing global warming. Subsurface saline aquifers have been identified as important targets for geological storage of CO2. In these settings, containment […]

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